Lesson Content


There are 10 exercises to complete during Lesson 4.

  • Before the lesson:
    • Scroll down the page to view information about each exercise
    • Ensure you have read through the preparation guide to this lesson
  • During the lesson:
    • Press ‘open slideshow’ in the top right corner of the page to display and play lesson resources to the class.
    • Download & print the lesson content information at the bottom of this page to reference during class

Lesson Content + Exercise Information:

1. Discussion: Structure of the Chorus of a Song:
  1. Discuss choruses and verses – there are examples of questions in ‘Questioning’ under the ‘Assessment’ tab for this lesson.
  2. Don’t forget to use homework examples during this exercise!
  3. Discuss sentences on the board and decide which ones describe a chorus or a verse

Answers: 1, 3, 4, 6, 7 are about the chorus. 2, 5, 8 are about verses

2. Explain:

A chorus to a song is most often the first tune a composer writes for his music. The chorus is the part that links all of the different verses together. It’s got to be easy to remember, it’s got to be catchy and not over-complicated. It’s the part that’s repeated again and again and if it’s good, people don’t get bored of it. A chorus can really make or break a song. The reason people loved Offenbach’s music is because whether it was a fast song or a slow song, he always wrote a chorus that people remembered and he used the appropriate instruments that suited the theme 

3. Aims of the Class: Display the aims of the lesson and ask for a volunteer to read from the board   Slide3
4. Team Composing Activity:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A copy of the task sheet for each group
  • Teacher evaluation sheet for each group:


1.Each team must change the words of the chorus they brought for homework – the theme of the words must fit one of the themes learned so far from Voyage to the Moon.

2.Go round the teams helping with the exercise

3.Teams are to write down and practice singing their new lyrics before performing to the class


Slide4 Slide1

5. Introduce the Class Exercise: Music Comprehension


Explain that Voyage to the Moon doesn’t have lyrics. We have to rely on the story, and also on the tone of the music, to help us understand the feelings and actions of the characters, and the events that happened.

Play the music and quiz pupils about the ‘Voyage to the Moon’ story as it plays. You can prompt them, or ask questions from the ‘questioning’ in the Assessment section for this lesson.

Recap the purpose of the chorus.


6. Class Exercise Part 1: Discuss elements of the music to the chorus –

First ask about the tone. Then ask why the tone is like that (using the other features to back it up).



7. Class Exercise Part 2: Instrument Families:


Recap on the instrument families and their key timbre qualities

We are going to see if we can hear which instrument is playing the melody in the chorus


8. Pairs Activity: Label the French Horn:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A printed copy of the French Horn observation sheet (one between 2 pupils)
  • Writing Equipment

Introduce the French horn and discuss the different features.

Using the orange feature page:

  1. Explain the concepts connecting words in the same row, columns 1 and 2. Point at the features on the labelled picture of the horn.
  2. Ask pupils to answer the questions in column 3.
  • Blow through the mouthpiece to create sounds.
  • The coils are made of 1 long metal tube that measures 6 feet!
  • Horn players push on the buttons to change notes.
  • And put their hand in the bell – this changes the pitch depending how deep their hand is inside.

Watch one of the videos and point out features or ask pupils to point them out.

Split class into pairs and out the labelling sheet + pens

Display the labelled picture again. Explain that the pairs have 40 seconds to memorise the labels and then write them on the sheet

Display the unlabelled picture as they fill in the observation sheet.





 9. History of the horn: Display the history picture of the horn.

Discuss the summary on the page and then play the video.

Play the video of the horn to demonstrate the noise of the horn.

Ask for the class to mimic the noise.

Ask if any pupils know more about the cultural significance of the horn.

10. Independent Composing Exercise

Resources to bring for this activity:

  1. Composition work from lessons 1, 2 & 3
  2. A copy of the chorus music score for each pupil
  3. Writing equipment
  4. Lined paper for pupils to write ideas and song lyrics
  5. Untuned instruments for students to explore
1.Hand pupils work from lessons 1, 2 and 3. Pupils are to time their first chapter/verse to fit in with the music.

Rewrite the lyrics of the CHORUS of the Prince’s song so that it fits with your story.

Explain that the lyrics should be written from the perspective of your main character, describing the change he wants to make in his life. You can change elements of it – faster, slower, bouncier, higher pitch, notes, tone, adding percussion.

If the school has access to recording devices, hand one to each pupil to record work, playback etc.

Explain that If you want your music to be a hit, you need a good chorus – both good music, and if words, good lyrics.  





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