Background Information

The aim of lesson 8 is to learn about the ‘F’ or Forte sign and it’s significance in music.

Index for the table:

1. Discussions

2. Dynamics in Music

3. Teaching Tips for lesson

1. Discussions:

 The theme for this lesson focuses on appropriate sounds/loudness for specific situations that relate to emotion This theme correlates to music through the notion of different musical ‘dynamics’, or loudness instructions that are written within the music that musicians have to follow when playing instruments, and how the loudness tells the story/conveys the emotions of the characters and events.
2. Dynamics in Music:
Definition: 

Dynamics are musical instructions notated on a musical piece in order to instruct the musician on which volume to play the music. These instructions are often seen as abbreviations of certain Italian words or symbols on a piece of music, above certain phrases or notes.
History:
Dynamics were not actually used until the late 18th century, although there were some composers who used them earlier. Dynamics were not necessarily needed, beforehand, as a lot of instruments at the time only had two volumes, loud and soft.
3. Tips for the lesson:
In Voyage to the Moon, the sign is introduced to the children as Frederick Forte and it is important to emphasise him as a bold and loud character to help the class to recognise and remember the sign. When you have read the poem, ask individual children to say Frederick Forte in their loudest voice.

If there are any children who speak a second language, ask them to share a translation for ‘loud’ and have the class repeat the new word together.

Allow room for discussion for the children to suggest ideas for when they hear loud volumes at home – this will enable the students to learn more about each other, and also a chance for the teacher to hear about home life.