Lesson Content


There are 13 exercises to complete during Lesson 6 + 1 homework.

  • Before the lesson:
    • Scroll down the page to view information about each exercise
    • Ensure you have read through the preparation guide to this lesson
  • During the lesson:
    • Press ‘open slideshow’ in the top right corner of the page to display and play lesson resources to the class.
    • Download & print the lesson content information at the bottom of this page to reference during class

Lesson Content + Exercise Information:


1. Discussion: Expression:
  1. Hand out untuned instruments.
  2. Begin a discussion about how to convey different emotions.
    e.g. How do you react when you are sad?

Ask them to illustrate emotions with the instruments, with facial expressions and with any body actions (e.g. stomping feet if angry)

2. Explain the connection with ‘tone’ in music:
  1. Explain that the instruments in the Orchestra play their music to help us to understand the emotions of the characters.
  2. Recap the story by discussing only the pictures and discuss previous events, and the emotions of the characters, and how they expressed their emotions.
  3. Read the story text.
  4. Play the sound clip to illustrate how the story events match the tone of the music; discuss tone and other features using the picture. Ask if scared is the correct word – is angry better? How did the tone change?

3. Recapping the Prince’s Song and introducing the music of the French horn:
  1. Explain that we will learn about a very expressive instrument today.
  2. Play the chorus clip (music only) and explain that this is the new instrument.
  3. Ask the pupils what happened as the music played (Prince Caprice sang his song).
  4. Repeat the music, sing and perform actions as a class.

Chorus/Prince’s song – played by the French horn:

4. Which Instrument is Playing the chorus?
  1. Hand each pupil an activity sheet and a pen or pencil
  2. Explain to the class that they will now hear the introduction tune being played by 3 different instruments. You will point at each instrument that is playing. In between clips, you will play the chorus music.
  3. The pupils will have to determine which instrument is playing the chorus tune.
  4. They can write notes next to the instruments, about how similar the sounds are e.g. ‘very’, ‘hardly’ etc.
  5. They should tick the box to the right of the correct instrument.
  6. Discuss answers.

Chorus/Prince’s song – played by the French horn:

Violin playing the introduction tune:

Oboe playing the introduction tune:

French Horn playing the introduction tune:

Flute playing the introduction tune:

Cello playing the introduction tune:

5. Introduce Freddy the French horn: Introduce Freddy the French horn and read the poem together with the class twice through with actions:  

6. Introduce the French horn:
  1. Show the video of the French horn player to the class very briefly.Point out these things:
    1. Look – he places one of his hands inside the bell of the horn.
    2. See how many coils there are? They go round and round and round. If you opened the coils they would reach from one end of the room to another.
    3. When he blows into the mouthpiece his breath travels round and round and round the coils and comes out as sound at the end where his hand is inside the bell.
    4. Listen to how relaxed the timbre or distinctive sound of the horn is. No wonder the horn’s music accompanied Prince Caprice when he sang!
8. Duration:

Duration is quite simply how ‘long’ or ‘short’ a sound is.

  1. Discuss the term ‘duration’.

2. Explain to the class that you will point at the word ‘long’ or ‘short’ on the board. As you do so, the class should create the French horn sounds with hands, making one long note, or lots of short notes, depending on which word is being pointed at.

3. Keep alternating between pointing at each word to test concentration.

7. Imitating the Timbre of the French horn:
  1. Discuss the word timbre (the distinctive sound of an instrument).
  2. Play the video of the French horn briefly and have pupils try to imitate the timbre of the horn.
  3. Show pupils how to create a French horn sound with your hands (see video in preparation section to do so).


8. Charades Activity: Part 1 – Group the Words:
  1. Show the class the responding to words poster.
  2. Explain that these words relate to either the French horn, cello or violin.
  3. Split class into 4 groups – number groups from 1-4.
  4. Hand each group an activity sheet and writing equipment.
  5. Set the clock to 2 minutes – have pupils put the words next to the correct instrument.


9. Charades Activity: Part 2 – Ascribe a Description:
  1. Pupils to remain in groups from above activity, keeping their filled in answer sheets.
  2. Make sure there is access to untuned instruments.
  3. Hand out lined paper and pens.
  4. Tell pupils in their groups to ascribe a description for each word and write down these descriptions on paper, then rehearse them. A mixture of all 3 types of description should be used.
10. Charades Activity: Part 3 – Competition Time!:

Teacher will need:

a stopwatch

4 bowls with the cut up words, 1 for each group (see preparation for this lesson)

a pen

a marking sheet

  1. Explain the game: (see steps below – you can use someone as an example or yourself).
  2. Invite one pupil from a group up to the front of the class.
  3. Ask the pupil to select a folded paper from the bowl.
  4. As soon as the pupil unfolds the paper, start the stopwatch.
  5. The pupil must act out the word on the paper to his/her group, using the description they practiced together.
  6. When someone from the pupils group guesses the word, teacher stops the stopwatch and writes time in the marking sheet.
  7. Alternative play: any group can guess the term and the first one to guess wins the prize.
  8. Give stickers or prizes to winning team (quickest team or one who has most points).
11. Analyse the French horn’s music: 1. Place the class in pairs and hand each pair a French horn sheet and writing equipment.

2. Read through the words in the boxes and discuss the meaning of each title.

3. Tell the class to listen to the music and circle one element in each box that matches the French horn’s music.


 12.  Discussion: Features of the French horn:
  • Recap on instrument family knowledge.
  • Read the French horn poem and ask the class which family it belongs to.
  • Discuss why – because it is made of brass.
  • Show the class the diagram and discuss the parts of the French horn.


13. Movement to Music:
  • Play the music and ask children to create movements that match the tone of the music – if grand they can march, if quiet they can tiptoe or do ballet etc.
  • During the French horn chorus, they should pretend to play the French horn as they move.
14. Homework
  • Match words to definitions

Downloadable and Printable lesson content

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