Preparation

There are 14 suggested activities below for the teacher to complete in order to prepare for teaching  ‘lesson content’ for lesson 3

Instructions: Music Clips: Pictures/videos:
1. Discussion: Daily Routine:


The discussion this week focuses on a daily routine.

The class will discuss their typical daily routine. Come prepared with 5 points e.g. wake up, eat breakfast, go to school, eat lunch, go home. You could add more points, or focus on a night-time routine, a morning routine, a class routine.

Remember to check out the suggested ‘questioning’ for this lesson.

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2. Rhythm Definition:

  • Rhythm is a repeated pattern of beats throughout the music
  • Following a rhythm helps musicians to keep in time and understand how to play written music

Rhythm:

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3. Prepare an explanation about routines/rhythms within music:

  1. Explain that when composers write their music they fill their compositions with routines.
  2. These help the musicians to understand how to play the music well, and also give the music a sense of purpose.
  3. Even though music can change from slow to fast, low to high, or happy to sad, there is one thing that is routine throughout Voyage to the Moon.
  4. This is called the rhythm, or the time signature.
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4. Written Music – music notes:

Become familiar with the idea that music is written on manuscript paper

Listen to the recordings – the French horn would ‘see’ the picture in column 3, and play the second recording.

The first recording shows how it would be sung by a singer

Chorus with Vocals:

Chorus Music Only:

This is what a French horn player would see to know how to play the chorus/’the Prince’s Song’ 

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This – Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 10.04.35 – is a music note. The music notes are written on music paper.

This – Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 10.11.34 – is a rest. This means do not play

 

5. Introducing Beats, rhythm and time signature:

  • Rhythm is a repeated pattern of beats throughout the music (also known as the time signature of the piece)
  • Beats are like syllables – a 1 beat music note is like a 1 syllable word e.g. ‘the’, ‘and’, ‘but’
  • Music notes and beats are written into ‘bars’ – bars are similar to sentences of a poem – you have a certain amount of beats in a bar as you have a certain amount of syllables in a line of a poem. Bar lines separate each bar
  • Voyage to the Moon has a ‘3 beat rhythm’ – this means that there are 3 beats in each bar, and you can count to 3 repeatedly throughout the music

 

3 Beats:

Rhythm:

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6. Playing a 3 beat rhythm

  • This – Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 10.04.35 – is a music note called a ‘crotchet’ – it has a value of ‘1’ beat. The picture in the right hand column shows 2 bars of music, with a time signature of 3 – the video shows how you would play bars of 3 beats
  • Practice pointing at the beats on the music paper, starting with the note on the far right of the page, counting the number of beats – always count louder on beat 1
  • Practice playing a 3 beat rhythm without the music, either by clapping or with an instrument – always count louder on beat 1
  • Practice clapping along with verse 2 and the chorus video
  • Practice singing the beats to the tune, especially with the chorus
  • Repeat until confident 
 

 

slide06A 3 Beat Rhythm:

Clapping to Verse 2 + Chorus 2:

7. Different Music Notes & their Beat Values:

A ‘crotchet’ or Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 10.04.35, is only one type of music note.

The Beat sheet explains the values of music notes relevant for this lesson

Practice playing the beats on picture 2:

Line 1:

1-2-3-&, 1-&-2-&-3, 1-&-2-&-3

Line 2:

1-2-3, 123, 1-23

Line 3

1-and-23, 1-and-23, 123

.

Screen Shot 2016-09-09 at 09.02.56

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8. Different rhythms: Introduction of Voyage to the Moon:

Sometimes a piece can change its’ time signature several times.

  • The first part of the introduction of ‘Voyage to the Moon’ switches between a ‘2-beat’ and ‘3-beat’ rhythm (the rest of the piece is only 3)
  • Practice clapping/playing and counting along with the beats of the whole introduction and chorus.
  • Practice singing the beats to the tune
  • Repeat until confident 
Clapping the beats to the Voyage to the Moon Introduction:

9. Practice: Intro-end of 2nd chorus:

  • Practice playing/clapping, saying/singing the numbers of the beats from the beginning of the music until the end of the 2nd verse
  • Keep to the correct ‘loudness’/volume of the music
  • Make sure you can sing and play the chorus beats off-by-heart, with and without the music
 

 

10. Draw on music paper:

Practice drawing music notes and ‘pause’ sign on music paper – this paper has a 3-beat rhythm- do not exceed more than a value of 3 per bar

You can see our example page (second picture) indicating beats for either 2 or 3 beat time signatures

Become familiar with the different symbols and their values (beats, rests and pauses).

Screen Shot 2016-09-09 at 09.02.56

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11. Recap Instrument Timbres:

– Timbre is the distinctive sound of an instrument.

– Each of the instruments have been recorded playing the introduction from Voyage to the Moon

– Listen to each of the recordings to hear the distinctive differences between each instrument and take note of their qualities/tone

The Violin – String Family:

The Cello – String Family:

The French horn – Brass Family:

The Oboe – Woodwind Family:

The Flute – Woodwind Family:

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12. Resources to bring to the lesson: (Resources to download and print are in the third column, in the order that you see below)

  • Percussion (untuned) instruments – one for each pupil at least.
  • Printed copies of plain manuscript – one for each pupil at least.
  • Printed copies of the ‘Beat Cheat Sheet’ – one for each pupil (there are three on a download which will need to be cut and separated).
  • Printed copies of the ‘Rests and Pauses Sheet’ – one for each pupil (there are 6 on a download which will need to be cut and separated).
  • Writing Equipment – pencils and rubbers as well as pens
  • Lined paper for each pupil

 

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13. Key vocabulary: 

3 Beats

Rhythm

 

3 Beats:

Rhythm:

14. Run through:

The lesson aims & objectives (found when you first click on Lesson 1)

The lesson aims & objectives (found when you first click on Lesson 3)

The ‘lesson content’  tab, where you will find exercises for this lesson:

  • Ensure you can do all of the exercises.
  • Read through the ‘lesson content’ repeatedly before teaching it in order to be prepared.
  • Play the slideshow (open slideshow button on top corner of page in ‘lesson content’) that will be displayed during the class
  • Download and print the lesson activity sheets at the bottom of the page in ‘lesson content’ – practice explaining the activities as you play the slideshow (see point above)
  • Plan your own answers to the questions you will ask the children to prompt them and retain focus.

The ‘assessment and homework’ tasks for this lesson

The ‘background information’ tab, where teacher can find further information about the lesson, the story, and the music.