Lesson Content


There are 11 exercises to complete during Lesson 4.

  • Before the lesson:
    • Scroll down the page to view information about each exercise
    • Ensure you have read through the preparation guide to this lesson
  • During the lesson:
    • Press ‘open slideshow’ in the top right corner of the page to display and play lesson resources to the class.
    • Download & print the lesson content information at the bottom of this page to reference during class

Lesson Content + Exercise Information:

1. Discussion: Choruses & Verses: Ask for pupils to volunteer songs they like to listen to at home, or have heard in movies/TV shows.

Explain that songs are like stories: instead of chapters we have verses. There is also a chorus which is repeated throughout the song.

Ask the pupils to volunteer to sing the chorus of a song they listen to in their spare time.

2. Explain:

A chorus to a song is most often the first tune a composer writes for his music. The chorus is the part that links all of the different verses together. It’s got to be easy to remember, it’s got to be catchy and not over-complicated. It’s the part that’s repeated again and again and if it’s good, people don’t get bored of it. A chorus can really make or break a song. The reason people loved Offenbach’s music is because whether it was a fast song or a slow song, he always wrote a chorus that people remembered and he used the appropriate instruments that suited the theme 

3. Group Activity:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A copy of the the chorus manuscript lyrics for each group
  • Lined paper
  • Writing Equipment

1. Split class into groups of 3. Hand each group the chorus manuscript, paper and pens

2. Read through the tasks with the class

3.Go round the groups helping with the exercise

4.Groups are to write down and practice singing their new lyrics before performing to the class with the music – run through the music twice so that they can practice



4. Introduce the Class Exercise: Music Comprehension


Recap on the purpose of the song in the Voyage to the Moon chorus.

Explain that we want to see if the music tone matches the chorus lyrics


5. Class Exercise Part 1: Discuss elements of the music to the chorus –

Are the notes bouncy or smooth? is the the timbre of the instrument shrill or mellow?


6. Class Exercise Part 2: Instrument Families:


Recap on the instrument families and their key timbre qualities

We are going to see if we can hear which instrument is playing the melody in the chorus


7. Freddy the French horn poem and actions:


Teach the class the poem and actions – repeat until know fluently. Slide07
8. Discuss the music of the French horn: Play the chorus music and discuss the sound of the French horn

9. History of the horn: Display the history picture of the horn.

Discuss the summary on the page and then play the video.

Play the video of the horn to demonstrate the noise of the horn.

Ask for the class to mimic the noise.

Ask if any pupils know more about the cultural significance of the horn.

10. Pairs Activity: Label the French Horn:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A printed copy of the French Horn observation sheet (one between 2 pupils)
  • Writing Equipment

Introduce the French horn and discuss the different features.

Using the orange feature page:

  1. Explain the concepts connecting words in the same row, columns 1 and 2. Point at the features on the labelled picture of the horn.
  2. Ask pupils to answer the questions in column 3.
  • Blow through the mouthpiece to create sounds.
  • The coils are made of 1 long metal tube that measures 6 feet!
  • Horn players push on the buttons to change notes.
  • And put their hand in the bell – this changes the pitch depending how deep their hand is inside.

Watch one of the videos and point out features or ask pupils to point them out.

Split class into pairs and out the labelling sheet + pens

Display the labelled picture again. Explain that the pairs have 40 seconds to memorise the labels and then write them on the sheet

Display the unlabelled picture as they fill in the observation sheet.





11. Independent Composing Exercise

Resources to bring for this activity:

  1. A copy of the chorus music score for each group
  2. Writing equipment
  3. Lined paper for pupils to write ideas and song lyrics
  4. Untuned instruments for students to explore
  5. Recording devices if available

1.Pupils will need their homework for this activity (from lesson 2): if no homework, pupils can instead select a story they have read at home or in class to use for this exercise.

2. Tell pupils to rewrite the lyrics of the CHORUS of the song so that it fits with their story. The lyrics should be written from the perspective of the main character, describing what his ambition in life is.

They can add percussion. If the school has access to recording devices, hand one to each group to record work, playback etc. Explain that If you want your music to be a hit, you need a good chorus – both good music, and if words, good lyrics. 



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