There are 10 suggested activities below for the teacher to complete in order to prepare for teaching  ‘lesson content’ for lesson 4

Instructions: Music Clips: Pictures/videos:
1. Discussion: Choruses and Verses:

The teacher will need to explain that songs are similar to written stories. However, instead of chapters, we have verses. There is also a chorus, which is the main message of a song that is repeated several times.

You will need to ask for pupils to volunteer songs they like to listen to at home, or have heard in movies/TV shows and to sing the chorus.

2. Prepare an explanation about a ‘chorus’ of a song:

A chorus to a song is most often the first tune a composer writes for his music.

The chorus is the part that links all of the different verses together.

It’s got to be easy to remember, it’s got to be catchy and not over-complicated. It’s the part that’s repeated again and again and if it’s good, people don’t get bored of it.

A chorus can really make or break a song. 

3. Voyage to the Moon Chorus:

Understand key elements of the Voyage to the Moon chorus:

– The tone is mellow and calm

– It connects each verse of the music

– The melody is simple and easy to remember

– The melody is played by the French horn

The reason people loved Offenbach’s music is because whether it was a fast song or a slow song, he always wrote a chorus that people remembered and he used the appropriate instruments that suited the theme 


Chorus with Vocals:

Chorus Music Only:

Melody line (French horn):

4. The French horn – sound & appearance:

Become familiar with features of the French horn.

Become familiar with how the French horn is held, and how it sounds.

Listen to the different clips of the French horn from the Voyage to the Moon music


The French Horn is from the ‘Brass’ Family

Freddy the French Horn

French Horn Definition:

French Horn playing the introduction tune:


Whole orchestra playing the introduction tune:


5. Take note of the sound feature of the French horn in the chorus:


FH tone = relaxed + dreamy, duration = long notes + smooth notes, pitch = medium-high, tempo = slow, timbre = mellow + honky

French horn playing the chorus:

6. Prepare an explanation about the history of the horn:

The French horn has an amazing history. It evolved from the ‘shofar’, or the horn of a ram. In biblical times, the shofar was used as a musical horn. Fast-forward 5000 years, we now make horns out of metal, just like the French horn.

7. Freddy the French horn poem:

Practice the words to the French horn’s poem until fluent.


8. Practice singing the Beats to the Chorus Melody:

  • Practice playing/clapping, saying/singing the numbers of the beats from the beginning of the music until the end of the 2nd verse
  • Keep to the correct ‘loudness’/volume of the music
  • Make sure you can sing and play the chorus beats off-by-heart, with and without the music

Clapping to Verse 2 + Chorus 2:

9. Resources to bring to the lesson: (Resources to download and print are in the third column, in the order that you see below)

  • Percussion (untuned) instruments – one for each pupil at least
  • Homework from lesson 3
  • A printed copy of the unlabelled French horn for each pupil (A5)
  • Printed copies of the Chorus Melody (1 for each pupil
  • Writing Equipment
  • Lined paper for each pupil
  • Recording devices if available




10. Key vocabulary: 

Brass Family

French horn


he French Horn is from the ‘Brass’ Family

Freddy the French Horn

French Horn Definition:

11. Run through:

The lesson aims & objectives (found when you first click on Lesson 4)

The ‘lesson content’  tab, where you will find exercises for this lesson:

  • Ensure you can do all of the exercises.
  • Read through the ‘lesson content’ repeatedly before teaching it in order to be prepared.
  • Play the slideshow (open slideshow button on top corner of page in ‘lesson content’) that will be displayed during the class
  • Download and print the lesson activity sheets at the bottom of the page in ‘lesson content’ – practice explaining the activities as you play the slideshow (see point above)
  • Plan your own answers to the questions you will ask the children to prompt them and retain focus.

The ‘assessment and homework’ tasks for this lesson

The ‘background information’ tab, where teacher can find further information about the lesson, the story, and the music.