Lesson Content


There are 11 exercises to complete during Lesson 4.

  • Before the lesson:
    • Scroll down the page to view information about each exercise
    • Ensure you have read through the preparation guide to this lesson
  • During the lesson:
    • Press ‘open slideshow’ in the top right corner of the page to display and play lesson resources to the class.
    • Download & print the lesson content information at the bottom of this page to reference during class

Lesson Content + Exercise Information:

 1. Solve the Anagram: Tell the class to work in pairs to un-jumble the letters on the board

(French Horn)

2. Discussion: Structure of a Song:
  1. Discuss the different elements of a song
  2. They can use their homework examples to aid this discussion
  3. Discuss the structure of the chorus – prompt by asking e.g. length, form of writing, perspective (1st person?) discuss lyrics etc.
  4. Discuss homework selections – ask which section the title of the song appears in 
3. Explain:

A chorus to a song is most often the first tune a composer writes for his music. The chorus is the part that links all of the different verses together. It’s got to be easy to remember, it’s got to be catchy and not over-complicated. It’s the part that’s repeated again and again and if it’s good, people don’t get bored of it. A chorus can really make or break a song. The reason people loved Offenbach’s music is because whether it was a fast song or a slow song, he always wrote a chorus that people remembered and he used the appropriate instruments that suited the theme 

4. Group Activity:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A copy of the task sheet for each group
  • Lined paper
  • Writing Equipment

1. Split class into groups of 5. Hand each group a task sheet, paper and pens

2. Each team must change the words of the chorus they brought for homework – the theme of the words must fit one of the themes learned so far from Voyage to the Moon.

3.Go round the groups helping with the exercise

4.Groups are to write down and practice singing their new lyrics before performing to the class



5. Introduce the Class Exercise: Music Comprehension


Recap on the purpose of the song in the Voyage to the Moon chorus.

Explain that we want to see if the music tone matches the chorus lyrics


6. Class Exercise Part 1: Discuss elements of the music to the chorus –

Are the notes bouncy or smooth? is the the timbre of the instrument shrill or mellow?


7. Class Exercise Part 2: Instrument Families:


Recap on the instrument families and their key timbre qualities

We are going to see if we can hear which instrument is playing the melody in the chorus


8. Introduce the French Horn:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A printed copy of the French Horn observation sheet for each pupil
  • Writing Equipment

Introduce the French horn: 12 ft of hose pipe, curl up, tape in place – show video of someone playing a French horn. Discuss the different parts of the horn.  

Display the labelled picture again. Tell class to memorise features (40 seconds) and then display the unlabelled picture as they fill in the observation sheet.



9. History of the horn: Display the history picture of the horn.

Discuss the summary on the page and then play the video.

Play the video of the horn to demonstrate the noise of the horn.

Ask for the class to mimic the noise.

Ask if any pupils know more about the cultural significance of the horn.

10. Group Breathing Exercise:

Resources to bring to this activity:

  • A balloon for each pupil
  • An observation sheet for each pupil
  • Writing equipment

Separate the class into groups of 5. Hand each group balloons and observation sheets.

Tell the class the complete the exercises

11. Group Composing Exercise

Resources to bring for this activity:

  1. Composition work from lessons 1, 2 & 3
  2. A copy of the chorus music score for each group
  3. Writing equipment
  4. Lined paper for pupils to write ideas and song lyrics
  5. Untuned instruments for students to explore
  6. Recording devices if available

1.Hand groups work from lessons 1, 2 and 3. Pupils are to time their first chapter/verse to fit in with the music.

2. Tell the groups to rewrite the lyrics of the CHORUS of the song so that it fits with their story. The lyrics should be written from the perspective of their main character, describing what his ambition in life is.

They can add percussion. If the school has access to recording devices, hand one to each group to record work, playback etc. Explain that If you want your music to be a hit, you need a good chorus – both good music, and if words, good lyrics.

Explain that If you want your music to be a hit, you need a good chorus – both good music, and if words, good lyrics.  



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