Lesson Content


There are 19 exercises to complete during Lesson 5.

  • Before the lesson:
    • Scroll down the page to view information about each exercise
    • Ensure you have read through the preparation guide to this lesson
  • During the lesson:
    • Press ‘open slideshow’ in the top right corner of the page to display and play lesson resources to the class.
    • Download & print the lesson content information at the bottom of this page to reference during class

Lesson Content + Exercise Information:

1. Solve the Anagram: Tell the class to work in pairs to un-jumble the letters on the board

Play the music of the violins playing verse 2 of Voyage to the Moon

Explain the role of the violinists in the orchestra


2. Discussion: Sound Production: Humans versus Instruments: Instrument we are born with: the human voice

What are the different sounds we can make with our vocal cords? Sing, scream, shout, laugh, cry, speak

2Tell the students to put a hand on their throat and say the word ‘hello’ after you count to 3

1.Ask them what they felt = vibrations.

2.Repeat the exercise but this time tell the students take a deep breath first, and to shout their name after counting to 3

3.Ask what the difference was this time – were the vibrations stronger? why do you think this is? Taking a deep breath means your lungs can send more air to vibrate our vocal cords.

3. Fill in the Blanks:

Fill in the sentences with words:

– Vocal cords

– Lungs

– Vocal Cords

– Vibrate

– Mouth

– Tongue

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4. Explain: Instruments are just like us – parts of them need to vibrate to make in order to make sound.

We need to learn how sound is produced and changed so we can understand our vocals better, and also why instruments produce sound


5. Group Activity: Sound, Movement & Change:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • Untuned instruments
  • A copy of the task instructions for each group
  • A copy of the observation form for each group
  • Writing Equipment
Separate the class into groups of 3.

Hand each group the task list and observation form.

Students have to read through the instructions, complete the tasks and document their findings

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6. Recap Voyage to the Moon:
Recap Offenbach: ask who he was and the name of the piece of music he wrote.
You can play the audio of the music as you recap
Recap story so far using the pictures: Events from the story, family names of instruments you can see, facts about the French horn


7. Compare the timbre of the Violin with the sound of the French horn:

Play both the tunes of the violin and French horn playing the introduction tune (without naming each instrument). For each recording ask questions about the tone, duration, pitch, timbre and tempo.

After discussions, write (1) or (2) next to the answers on the board (to reflect answers for either recording.

8. Introduce the Class Exercise: Music Comprehension:

Explain that are now going to listen to the violin solo in Voyage to the Moon. Our job is to try and work out what the violins are describing. The solo comes just after Prince Caprice tells his father he wants to go to the moon in his song.

Explain the process of the class exercise e.g. first we will, next we will etc.



9. Class Exercise Part 1: Read the story options:

1. Introduce the story options

2. Select students to read the options on the board out loud

10. Class Exercise Part 2: Discuss the text:

1. Synonyms: Go round the class and ask each pupil, in turn to share what comes to mind when they think of the words on the board. The mood or tone of the story, the themes it may encompass

2.Write on Board: As the class says their opinions, write these on the board under the corresponding word – you can have 3 pupils stand at the board writing these to increase focus and enjoyment

3.Understanding Text: Ask questions about what the class think the mood, tone or atmosphere in the story options may be in relation to the music.

11. Class Exercise Part 3: Listen to the music:

1.Remind class that as they listen to the music, they must decide which scenario matches the mood/tone of the music

2.Play the music

3.Discuss thoughts about which story the class thinks the composer is telling – you can always play the clip again for prompting

4.Discuss pitch, timbre, tone, duration etc. – can demonstrate with instruments and remind by replaying the music

12. Display the Answer: 

1.Display the answer page from the exercise

2.Play the music


13. Discuss the sound produced by the violins in verse 2: 1. Replay the music of verse 2

2. Ask pupils to note the different elements as they listen to the music (they can write notes if required).

3. After the music stops, discuss the findings.

4. Play the music again if necessary.

5. Ask pupils to connect the sound to events from the story.

14. Independent Exercise: Label the Violin

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A copyof the unlabelled violin (A5)
  • Writing Equipment

Discuss the different parts of the violin

Hand each student a copy of the unlabelled violin

Give everyone 30 seconds to memorise the labels before writing them



15. Discussion: Violin Sound Production:

Show the class the violin you have made, or the video of the violin

Discuss how sound is produced


16. Class Exercise: Play the rhythm of verse 2:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • Untuned instruments (one for each pupil)

1.Hand each pupil an untuned instrument

2. Recap different note values

3. Display the class exercise and read through the tasks

4. Display the manuscript and discuss the note values

5. Play first without the music, and then with the music, counting the beats out loud as you play

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17. Independent Exercise: Verse 2: Music & Story:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • Observation sheet for each pupil
  • Writing Equipment
Play the music with the narration as you display the story pages and the pupils fill in the observation sheet:



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18. Group Composing Exercise:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  1. Composition work from lessons 1, 2, 3, and 4
  2. Writing equipment
  3. Lined paper for groups to write ideas and stories on
 Hand groups back their work from previous weeks.

Tell the class to discuss and write ideas about the second verse of their story. It should match the tone of the music and follow on from their chorus

19. [Optional Activity] Create a String Instrument:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • Shoeboxes (pupils should each bring one from home).
  • Scissors
  • Pencils
  • Rubber bands
  • Rulers
  • Paint and other decorating materials if you desire.

Pupils to go into their groups. Everyone in the group must make a String instrument, helping each other when required.

You can play different violin pieces as the pupils work from YouTube.

Go around the class and ask questions about the way the violins are playing their music – are the notes long or short in duration, what is the tone of the music (angry, happy etc.), does it sound like there are many violins, or different melodies and harmonies, are the notes fluid or jutted etc.

Recommended music on the slideshow.

Downloadable and Printable lesson content

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