Lesson Content


There are 8 exercises to complete during Lesson 10.

  • Before the lesson:
    • Scroll down the page to view information about each exercise
    • Ensure you have read through the preparation guide to this lesson
  • During the lesson:
    • Press ‘open slideshow’ in the top right corner of the page to display and play lesson resources to the class.
    • Download & print the lesson content information at the bottom of this page to reference during class

Lesson Content + Exercise Information:

1. Solve the Anagram:
Tell class to unscramble the word on the board. Then explain that musical instructions, such as a ‘crescendo’ have an opposite form.
2. Recap Crescendo:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • Untuned instruments (one for each pupil)
Hand out untuned instruments to each pupil
Recap crescendo: ask for definition, then ask or a volunteers to play the opposite.
Then ask for a volunteer to draw on the board what they think the symbol would be for getting gradually quieter
(in case asked, opposite is called ‘diminuendo’)



3. Explain:
Explain that what we really need to know is what volume a piece begins in and changes to!
4. Introduce ‘forte’ and ‘piano’:


Ask if anyone knows the signs for loud or soft in music
Show the piano and forte signs – explain these are Italian words for loud and soft – ask if anyone knows these words in other languages
Have class speak the poems together out loud in quiet (piano) and loud (for forte) voices


5. Group Activity: Dynamics and Control:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • A printed copy of the observation sheet for each group
  • Writing Equipment
  • Untuned instruments (at least 4 for each group of 4 pupils)


Separate the class into groups of four
Tell each group to select 4 untuned instruments
Hand each team an observation sheet to complete


6. Independent Exercise: Mark Dynamics in the Music:

Resources to bring to this activity:

  • A copy of the narration of the story for each pupil
  • Writing Equipment
Hand each student a page of the narration of the whole story. They are to draw the symbols for forte piano and crescendo above the words whenever they hear changes in the volume of the music.
Play the whole piece of music with the narration
They are also to write the initials for instruments that are heard
Tell the pupils to put their names on their narration paper


7. Independent Exercise: Mark Punctuation in the Story as heard in the Music:

Resources to bring to this activity:

  • A copy of the narration of the story for each pupil (without punctuation)
  • Writing Equipment – coloured pens

Hand each student a copy of the narration (without punctuation).

Play the narrated music. Students are to add  punctuation and capitals as they see fit using coloured pens



 8. Group Composing Exercise:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • All work from previous independent composing exercises
  • Writing equipment
  • Instruments made/untuned instruments
  • Extra pages of manuscript if pupils require more

Give the groups their work from all previous group composing activities.

Tell the groups to continue working on the finales of their music


Downloadable and Printable lesson content