Lesson 5 Content


There are 8 exercises to complete during Lesson 5.

  • Before the lesson:
    • Scroll down the page to view information about each exercise
    • Ensure you have read through the preparation guide to this lesson
  • During the lesson:
    • Press ‘open slideshow’ in the top right corner of the page to display and play lesson resources to the class.
    • Download & print the lesson content information at the bottom of this page to reference during class

Lesson Content + Exercise Information:

1. Discussion: Sound Production: Humans versus Instruments: Instrument we are born with: the human voice

What are the different sounds we can make with our vocal cords? Sing, scream, shout, laugh, cry, speak

2Tell the students to put a hand on their throat and say the word ‘hello’ after you count to 3

1.Ask them what they felt = vibrations.

2.Repeat the exercise but this time tell the students take a deep breath first, and to shout their name after counting to 3

3.Ask what the difference was this time – were the vibrations stronger? why do you think this is? Taking a deep breath means your lungs can send more air to vibrate our vocal cords.

2. Fill in the Blanks:

Fill in the sentences with words:

– Vocal cords

– Lungs

– Vocal Cords

– Vibrate

– Mouth

– Tongue

Slide03Slide04 Slide05 Slide06

3. Explain: Instruments are just like us – parts of them need to vibrate to make in order to make sound. We’re going to discover an instrument from a new family that shows the best example of how instruments vibrates. Then we are each going to build one. 
4. Recap Timbres:

Play the different sound files and ask the class to name the family which the instrument playing, and to name the French horn

5. Introduce the Violin: 1. Play verse 2 of the music and ask which instrument family is playing
2. Explain that these are the two instruments in Voyage to the Moon that are from the String Family.
3. The bigger instrument has a low pitch and the smaller one has a high pitch
4. Play the sound clip and ask which one is playing

6. Independent Exercise: Label the Violin

Discuss the different parts of the violin

Hand each student a copy of the unlabelled violin

Give everyone 30 seconds to memorise the labels before writing them



7. Discussion: Violin Sound Production:

Show the class the violin you have made, or the video of the violin

Discuss how sound is produced


8. Team Activity: Vibrations: Create a Violin:

Resources to bring for this activity:

  • Shoeboxes (pupils should each bring one from home).
  • Scissors
  • Pencils
  • Rubber bands
  • Rulers
  • Paint and other decorating materials if you desire.

Pupils to go into their teams. Everyone in the team must make a String instrument, helping each other when required.

You can play different violin pieces as the pupils work from YouTube.

Go around the class and ask questions about the way the violins are playing their music – are the notes long or short in duration, what is the tone of the music (angry, happy etc.), does it sound like there are many violins, or different melodies and harmonies, are the notes fluid or jutted etc.

Recommended music on the slideshow.


Downloadable and Printable lesson content