There are 10 suggested activities below for the teacher to complete in order to prepare for teaching  ‘lesson content’ for lesson 5

Instructions: Music Clips: Pictures/videos:
1. Discussion: Sound Production: Instruments versus Humans:

The discussion this week focuses on sound production and vibrations. 

Pupils should have begun learning about this within science classes, and so put theory into practice

Answers to the discussion sheet (column 3):

Shout, sing, scream, cry, laugh, speak

2. Prepare an explanation about a sound production of instruments:

Instruments are just like us – parts of them need to vibrate to make in order to make sound. We’re going to discover an instrument from a new family that shows the best example of how instruments vibrates. Then we are each going to build one. 

3. Recap Instrument Timbres:

– Timbre is the distinctive sound of an instrument.

– Each of the instruments have been recorded playing the introduction from Voyage to the Moon

– Listen to each of the recordings to hear the distinctive differences between each instrument and take note of their qualities/tone

This lesson focuses on the violin; make sure you are familiar with the distinctive sound of the violin


The Violin – String Family:

The Cello – String Family:

The French horn – Brass Family:

The Oboe – Woodwind Family:

The Flute – Woodwind Family:

4. Violin – sound & appearance:

Become familiar with features of the violin.

Become familiar with how the violin is held, and how it produces sound.

Listen to the different clips of the French horn from the Voyage to the Moon music

The Violin and Cello are from the ‘String’ Family

 violin violetcedric cello

Violin Definition:

Violin playing the introduction tune:

Whole orchestra playing the introduction tune:

Voyage to the Moon Verse 2: Violin Solo:



5. Orchestra, Violin & Pitch:
Become familiar with the orchestra, the violin, and the notion of pitch

  • Watch video of an orchestra playing music.  
  • Watch the video of a violinist playing a violin. 
  • Listen to the introduction of ‘Voyage to the Moon’ being played by the whole orchestra, and then by the violin only  
  • Become familiar with the notion of pitch – listen to the third verse of the music – the cellos play low-pitch music at the beginning (with the violins playing high in the background) and then the pitch becomes higher as the oboe takes over

Violin playing the introduction tune:

Whole orchestra playing the introduction tune:

Definition of Pitch:

Third verse of music:

Video of an Orchestra:

Video of a violin playing:

6. Compare the sound features of the French horn and the violin:


Violin tone = excited + happy, duration = short notes + jumpy notes, pitch = high, tempo = fast, timbre = confident + bright + sharp

FH tone = relaxed + dreamy, duration = long notes + smooth notes, pitch = medium-high, tempo = slow, timbre = mellow + honky

Violins playing verse 2 of the music:

French horn playing the chorus:

7. Create a String Instrument:

Follow the instructions to create your own string instrument, which you will bring to the class.

8. Resources to bring to the lesson: (Resources to download and print are in the third column, in the order that you see below)

  • A copy of the unlabelled violin – 1 for each pupil.
  • The string instrument you have made
  • Print the ‘Make a String Instrument’ instruction pages (1+2), for each pupil or 1 between 2. 
  • Materials for each pupil to make a string instrument: scissors, pencils, rubber bands (at least 4 each), rulers.
  • Independent composition work from previous lessons
  • Writing Equipment
  • Lined paper for each pupil



9. Key vocabulary: 


Strings Family

Violin Bow

Violin Strings





Strings Family:

Violin Bow:

Violin Strings:


10. Run through:

The lesson aims & objectives (found when you first click on Lesson 5)

The ‘lesson content’  tab, where you will find exercises for this lesson:

  • Ensure you can do all of the exercises.
  • Read through the ‘lesson content’ repeatedly before teaching it in order to be prepared.
  • Play the slideshow (open slideshow button on top corner of page in ‘lesson content’ that will be displayed during the class
  • Download and print the lesson activity sheets at the bottom of the page in ‘lesson content’ – practice explaining the activities as you play the slideshow (see point above)
  • Plan your own answers to the questions you will ask the children to prompt them and retain focus.

The ‘assessment & homework‘ tasks for this lesson

The ‘background information’ tab, where teacher can find further information about the lesson, the story, and the music.