There are 11 suggested activities below for the teacher to complete in order to prepare for teaching  ‘lesson content’ for lesson 6

Instructions: Music Clips: Pictures/videos:
1. Discussion: Expression & Description:

The discussion this week focuses on describing the different ways we express ourselves using sound

2. Prepare an explanation about musicians playing instruments expressively:

Explain that Offenbach wrote instructions to the Voyage to the Moon orchestra so that every musician would know how to make changes in their music when they wanted to express something or describe a situation.

3. Recap Rhythm (if you feel confident, move on to point 5):

  • Rhythm is a repeated pattern of beats throughout the music
  • Following a rhythm helps musicians to keep in time and understand how to play written music



4. Playing a 3 beat rhythm – Verse 2 is important for this lesson

  • This – Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 10.04.35 – is a music note called a ‘crotchet’ – it has a value of ‘1’ beat. The picture in the right hand column shows 2 bars of music, with a time signature of 3 – the video shows how you would play bars of 3 beats
  • Practice playing a 3 beat rhythm without the music, either by clapping or with an instrument – always count louder on beat 1
  • Practice clapping along with verse 2 and the chorus video
  • Practice singing the beats to the tune, especially with the chorus
  • Repeat until confident 

A 3 Beat Rhythm:

Clapping to Verse 2 + Chorus 2:

5. Verse 2:

A ‘crotchet’ or Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 10.04.35, is only one type of music note.

The picture shows sets of ‘quavers’ or half beats. 2 half beats = 1 crotchet

Practice singing and playing the beat values in verse 2 of Voyage to the Moon – violin solo

6. Note the sound features of the violin:


Violin tone = excited + happy, duration = short notes + jumpy notes, pitch = high, tempo = fast, timbre = confident + bright + sharp

Violins playing verse 2 of the music:

7. The ‘Crescendo’ Symbol:

Learn the definition of a ‘crescendo’ sign/musical instruction:

  • Italian term for growing.
  • Musical term for getting gradually louder
  • Practice creating crescendos with your voice, by clapping and when playing instruments such as drums or bells

Listen to the crescendos in Voyage to the Moon and practice playing instruments to match loudness/volume

Crescendo Definition:

Verse 2 – at the end of the verse

Verse 3 – at the very end, cellos and violins make a crescendo:

Final Chorus – starts loud and continues to get louder:

Creating a Crescendo:

Crescendo Symbol:

Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 06.25.52


8. Story of Verse 2:

Listen to the narration of verse 2 of the music

Take note of the tone of the violins playing the verse

Take notes of what happens in the story during the crescendo in the music

Narration of Verse 2:




9. Resources to bring to the lesson: (Resources to download and print are in the third column, in the order that you see below)

  • A printed copy of the ‘situations’
  • A printed copy of the table (fill in with team names at the top)
  • A printed copy of the narration from verse 2 for each pupil (3 on a page so cut up!)
  • Untuned instruments
  • Violins made by students last lesson
  • Independent composition work from previous lessons
  • Writing Equipment
  • Lined paper for each pupil


Situations Table

Verse 2 narration

10. Key vocabulary: 



Crescendo Definition:

11. Run through:

The lesson aims & objectives (found when you first click on Lesson 6)

The ‘lesson content’  tab, where you will find exercises for this lesson:

  • Ensure you can do all of the exercises.
  • Read through the ‘lesson content’ repeatedly before teaching it in order to be prepared.
  • Play the slideshow (open slideshow button on top corner of page in ‘lesson content’ that will be displayed during the class
  • Download and print the lesson activity sheets at the bottom of the page in ‘lesson content’ – practice explaining the activities as you play the slideshow (see point above)
  • Plan your own answers to the questions you will ask the children to prompt them and retain focus.

The ‘assessment & homework‘ tasks for this lesson

The ‘background information’ tab, where teacher can find further information about the lesson, the story, and the music.